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<br /> SPECIAL REPORT:<br /> EXPLORING MARS<br /> JULY 2020<br /> Sponsored by<br /> <br /> CONTENTS<br /> SIX DECADES OF DISCOVERY<br /> 2 Mars Milestones<br /> 3 Mariner<br /> 4 Viking<br /> 6 Pathfinder<br /> 7 Mars Global Surveyor<br /> 8 Mars Odyssey<br /> 10 Mars Exploration Rovers<br /> 12 Phoenix<br /> 13 Mars Science Laboratory<br /> 14 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter<br /> 16 Maven<br /> 17 Insight<br /> 18 Mars 2020<br /> EXPLORING MARS SPECIAL REPORT<br /> WHAT’S NEXT<br /> 20 Perseverance: Getting to Mars<br /> 26 Looking for Life<br /> 28 The Science of Mars 2020<br /> 32 Next Giant Leap: Humans<br /> on Mars<br /> ON THE COVER<br /> The Mars 2020 robotic mission,<br /> with the Perseverance rover, not<br /> only will seek signs of habitable<br /> conditions on Mars in the<br /> ancient past but also will search<br /> for signs of past microbial life<br /> itself. Another milestone will be<br /> deployment of the Ingenuity<br /> he<a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 1" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=1"> SPECIAL REPORT: EXPLORING MARS JULY 2020 </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 2" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=2"> </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 3" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=3"> CONTENTS SIX DECADES OF DISCOVERY 2 Mars Milest</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 4" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=4"> Mars Milestones S tarting with Mariner</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 5" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=5"> Mars Milestones Mariner With launches spanning t</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 6" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=6"> Mars Milestones Viking NASA’s Viking Project fou</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 7" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=7"> On Board MARS 2020 ROVER PERSEVERANCE When the wo</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 8" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=8"> Mars Milestones Pathfinder Mars Pathfinder lande</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 9" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=9"> Mars Milestones Mars Global Surveyor Mars Global</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 10" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=10"> Mars Milestones Mars Odyssey The 2001 Mars Odyss</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 11" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=11"> </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 12" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=12"> Mars Milestones Mars Exploration Rovers In Janua</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 13" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=13"> Mars Milestones Mars Exploration Rovers </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 14" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=14"> Mars Milestones Phoenix The Phoenix lander studi</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 15" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=15"> Mars Milestones Mars Science Laboratory Part of </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 16" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=16"> Mars Milestones Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 17" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=17"> Get ready to fly to Mars For the first time eve</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 18" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=18"> Mars Milestones MAVEN Mars Atmospheric and Volat</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 19" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=19"> Mars Milestones InSight The InSight (Interior Ex</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 20" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=20"> Mars Milestones Mars 2020 The Mars 2020 Persever</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 21" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=21"> </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 22" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=22"> PERSEVERANCE: Getting to Mars T he</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 23" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=23"> atmosphere, the wind, and the sounds of dust disp</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 24" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=24"> PERSEVERANCE: Getting to Mars This artist’s </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 25" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=25"> </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 26" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=26"> PERSEVERANCE: Getting to Mars MARS 2020 ROVER NE</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 27" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=27"> SAE MOBILUS™ TECHNICAL RESOURCE PLATFORM Your cri</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 28" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=28"> Looking for Life MSL [Mars Science Laboratory] wa</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 29" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=29"> Tech Briefs: So, the environment of Mars has</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 30" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=30"> The Science of Mars 2020 An artist’s renderin</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 31" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=31"> Goal 1: Determine Whether Life Ever Existed on Ma</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 32" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=32"> The Science of Mars 2020 </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 33" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=33"> landing techniques, and characterizing weather, d</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 34" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=34"> Next Giant Leap: Humans on Mars J ust </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 35" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=35"> can hold nearly 2,000 gallons of propellant and a</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 36" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=36"> Next Giant Leap: Humans on Mars </a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 37" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=37"> as pharmaceuticals to help defend against radiati</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 38" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=38"> Next Giant Leap: Humans on Mars 4. Gravity</a> <a title="Exploring_Mars_SR_0728 page 39" href="https://secure.viewer.zmags.com/publication/9c0da5aa?page=39"> As crews head to Mars, there</a>